Schooling the World

November 2, 2014

Screen Shot 2014-11-01 at 22.49.21Schooling the World is not only a reflection on the role of education in colonialism, but it also an inspiration for us to rethink the very notion of education.

Education is often seen as a panacea for poverty in the developing world. A population with competence in math and science, usually supported by a good command in English, often translate to a more prosperous economy and better integration into the world’s economy. This equation seems logical and it is proven to work for a lot of developing countries – growth in monetary terms. But it ignores the fact this concept of education, largely funded by development agencies, voluntary organisations and goodhearted individuals, is at the core a western one, with a specific agenda to mould subjects to suits the needs of a capitalistic, urbanised and consumption-based economy.

Let’s just first put aside the fact that this economic model is not sustainable – it would take the resources of more than one planet earth if the whole world is to live the western way – an education system that serves this model often put the focus on technical competence over creativity, rationality over spirituality, conformity over diversity. With education and development, a farmer who used to live a perfectly happy life working in the fields could be forced to work in a sweatshop in the city. The farmer earns more, but is he happier?

“Education is a compulsory, forcible action of one person upon another. Culture is the free relation of people… The difference between education and culture lies only in the compulsion, which education deems itself in the right to exert. Education is culture under restraint. Culture is free.”
– Leo Tolstoy



November 1, 2014


Citizenfour is the code name Snowden used in his communications with the journalists.


斯諾登在酒店逗留了超過一個星期, 期間向記者耐心闡釋英美情報機關精密、龐大而駭人的竊聽網絡。在訪問的字裡行間,可以看見他思路和邏輯都非常清晰。對於自己洩密的後果,亦已經想得一清二楚。在計劃中,他並沒有要求記者以保護消息來源為名而隱姓埋名,反之,他希望透過公開自己身份,去鼓勵更多人告密,向世界揭示英美政權違法不義的惡行。記者問:什麼驅使你告密?他帶著一絲年輕人的傻勁,回:Now we live under a government of the ruler and the ruled, instead of one that is made up of the elected and the electorate,擲地有聲。在強權壓迫之下,人不需要受什麼唆擺、煽動或利誘,自己也懂得明辨是非,走在叛逆路上。在鎂光燈背後,衛報記者Gleen Greenward和導演Laura Poitras為了公開斯諾登的故事,也屢遭阻撓。