迫爆公共交通

April 6, 2014

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看見司機為爭路張牙舞抓、行人過馬路無章可遁、交通警察為私利到處留難司機,《開羅開車開到狂》不但展示了開羅都市的交通困局,透過訪談被困在車龍中的通勤者,更讓我們了解開羅市民生活的燥動不安及他們對國家發展的期盼。

日復日、年復年,在人車爭路的混亂之中,一個有序卻不平衝的交通生態系統不經意地萌生﹕不成文的響號語言、超車爬頭的禮節、塞車時跟旁邊司機閒聊。這個有機的生態體絕處逢生,按自由意志進化,與本片的載體 — 埃及,與它不思進取的腐敗政府 — 構成懸殊的對比。

從開羅交通的這一切,我看到的不是她的雜亂無序,而是雜亂中人與人之間的距離。導演Sherief Elkatsha說,開羅雖亂,但在大街小巷裡,陌路人也會交頭接耳說過不停。反之,在香港(導演來港數天參加香港國際電影節),雖然公共交通效率高,人們都在精密的系統裡遊走,他觀察到的卻是通勤者的anonymity(匿名性),意思就是雖然成千上萬的人每天都被困在一個密閉的空間中,在地鐵巴士中向著同一個目標(商業區)進發,但大家都仿佛都活在各自的私人空間中,毫不相干。

在公共交通效率上,開羅跟香港站在兩個極端。然而,我們想要的,是一個有人情味的運輸網絡,抑或是一個乏味、無情、人人鬥過你死我活的公共交通系統?當我們每天都埋怨地鐵巴士迫爆的時候,不妨思考一下這個問題。

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Attenberg

April 18, 2011

Attenberg (2010) - A film by Athina Rachel Tsangari

Set in a slow, coastal and industrial Greek town, Attenberg is a coming-of -age movie that explores sexuality and human nature.

The name, Attenberg, comes from the mispronounced name of the British naturalist Sir David Attenborough, who narrates many of the BBC’s documentaries. The protagonist under study, Marina, is a fan of Attenborugh’s series. She is fascinated by chimpanzees walking in the jungles and gorillas fighting in the woods. As a teenage girl, she is also confused about her sexual orientation, or if she has an orientation at all – being disinterested in boy’s and girl’s, or even her own, genital. To me, Marina’s character is, almost, schizophrenic –  a person who likes to observe animal having her most basic animal instinct, sex, sterilized.

Marina’s interests in animals and disinterest in sex make me ponder – to what extent should/would we suppress our animal instincts or nature to qualify us as “human beings”? We use the word “animal” to describe people with immoral or outrages behaviours. But aren’t we all animals after all? What animals do that we shouldn’t? Do animals deserve to be disrespected like that with that adjective?

Why have so many animal instincts been stigmatized in our world? Sex, sleep, eating raw food, having a connection with nature… and I am sure the list go on and on. I am not saying that we should all practice them as, for instance, a tiger does. But what is line that we shouldn’t cross? I should say that Marina’s sexual interest/disinterest is definitely a distorted one. Distorted by our human establishment (media, school, book, religion, political system, etc).

Is the suppression of our animal instincts a form of evolution, or devolution for us as a species – the homo sapiens?